2 Corinthians 3 Bible Study


2 Corinthians 3 Outline


– The Corinthians we living proof of Paul’s ministry (2 Corinthians 3:1-6)

– The old covenant brings death but the new covenant brings life (2 Corinthians 3:7-18)



2 Corinthians 3 Bible Study


In 2 Corinthians 3:1-6, Paul said that he does not need letters of recommendation to them or from them because the Corinthians are the living proof of their ministries. Paul wrote the letter to rebuke the Corinthians so that they can correct their mistakes. The letter contains message that can edify the Corinthians so that they can turn back to God and walk on the path of righteousness. But it is the Holy Spirit that does the work in the believers so that they can grow more and more into the likeness of Christ. Everyone has the responsibility to spread the gospel and evangelize people. If you have brought someone to Christ, you should follow up on him and help him to mature in Christ. For example, you should visit him regularly and teach him to pray, and read the bible.


In 2 Corinthians 3:7-18, the law of Moses does not bring life but brings death because it brought guilt on us. The law of Moses is glorious, then how much more the new covenant is even more glorious. The law of Moses brought guilt on us because we have a natural inclination to rebel and sin against God. But the new covenant gives us life. The blood of Jesus Christ wash away our sins when we confess and repent them. Once the blood of Jesus Christ has washed away our sins, they will no longer be remembered by God so we are now pure and blameless as though we have never sin before. The Holy Spirit, the Spirit of God, gives us life and freedom. The Holy Spirit is our advocator and comforter. He reminds us about God’s words and help us to walk on the path of righteousness (John 14:26).


2 Corinthians 2 Bible Study


2 Corinthians 2 Outline


– Paul explained why he did not visit them as said in previous letter (2 Corinthians 2:1-4)

– Paul requested the Corinthians to forgive the person responsible for causing corruption in the church (2 Corinthians 2:5-11)

– Paul is glad to find opportunity for carrying out missionary work in Troas (2 Corinthians 2:12-13)

– The message of the gospel is life to the saved and death to those who rejected it (2 Corinthians 2:14-17)


2 Corinthians 2 Bible Study


In 2 Corinthians 2:1-4, in the previous letter, Paul promised to visit them twice while he was on the way to Macedonia and on the way back from Macedonia (1 Corinthians 16:5-7). Paul did not come to visit them eventually and he is now explaining that he didn’t come because he felt sorrowful to visit them again as the most recent visit to the Corinthian church is unpleasant for him. The Corinthians did not like Paul because he always rebuke and correct them. Paul is determined not to come to Corinth because he did not want to bring sorrow to them. Paul expressed that he sincerely love them. In Proverbs 27:5, open rebuke is better than secret love.


In 2 Corinthians 2:5-11, here, Paul referred to the person who commit sexual immorality and caused corruption in the church of Corinth. Paul urged the Corinthians not to be too hard on the person because the man already suffered enough from knowing his sin is now exposed to the whole church. Rather, the Corinthians are to forgive and comfort the person so that he will feel loved and not hatred in his heart. Satan is always looking for ways to take advantage of us. He always look for mistakes we make so that he can accuse and attack us, especially church pastors and deacons because they are the head of the church. In 1 Peter 5:8, be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour.


In 2 Corinthians 2:12-13, Paul was glad that a door of opportunity has been opened for him to spread the gospel in Troas but he felt he couldn’t do it without the help of Titus.


In 2 Corinthians 2:14-17, the gospel of message is an aroma to some and bad smell to people who reject it. Everyone has the responsibility to spread the gospel. You should tell the gospel and evangelize to the people around you so that they will come to faith in Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 9:16).

2 Corinthians 1 Bible Study


2 Corinthians 1 Outline


– Introduction of the letter (2 Corinthians 1:1-2)

– God is our advocator and comforter (2 Corinthians 1:3-11)

– Paul tells the Corinthians that he mean every word in the letter (2 Corinthians 1:12-24)



2 Corinthians 1 Bible Study


In 2 Corinthians 1:1-2, Paul introduced himself as the apostle of God’s will. Paul was not an apostle appointed by men but he has a calling from God to do this ministry. Paul wrote this letter to the Christians in all of Achaia, not just the Christians in Corinthians. Paul called the Christians in Achaia saints. He used the term saints to show that they have set apart themselves to God. As usual, Paul used grace and peace to greet the Corinthians. Grace and peace go together. If you accepted the gospel which is given to us as a grace of God, then the Holy Spirit will give you peace in your heart.


In 2 Corinthians 1:3-11, God is our advocate and comforter. Whenever you need comforting, you should seek it from God. You can tell God about your problem and ask the Holy Spirit to speak to you. The Holy Spirit can comfort you and put a bible verse in your mind so that you can hold on to God’s promise. Paul and his missionary workers were persecuted in order to bring the gospel to the people. They were under great pressure from the enemies who persecute the gospel. In facing the persecution, Paul did not rely on themselves but they rely on God. Paul believed that God is able to deliver them from every peril, as the Corinthians pray for them. Then, other people will give thanks to God for protecting Paul and his missionary partners on their missions. Paul cared for the salvation of the Corinthians instead of himself. Paul is an example of a person who is not not self centered but centered his life on other people. We must not be self centered but always take into consideration about other people’s needs. We must always pray for missionaries and church leaders. When you pray, God will clear the way so that they will have a safe and successful missionary trip. Prayer moves the hand of God.


In 2 Corinthians 1:12-14, the Corinthians suspect that Paul had written the letter with bad motive so Paul is assuring that the words in the letter is honest and it testifies with his conscience. The Holy Spirit searches our conscience and he knows all our thoughts and feelings.


In 2 Corinthians 1:15-17, Paul planned to visit the Corinthians on his way to Macedonia and on his way back from Macedonia. Paul said his planning to come to the Corinthians isn’t casual but he is serious about it.


In 2 Corinthians 1:18-22, God’s promises are always yes and amen. We must always trust in God’s promises and hope and persevere and pray persistently until there is a turnaround in the situation. God give his Holy Spirit as a deposit in the heart of every believer, guaranteeing their redemption as the children of God. The Holy Spirit lives in every believer.


In 2 Corinthians 1:23-24, Paul said God is witness in that he is not lording over the church as an apostle but he wants to be a good minister to them so that they can continue to stand firm in their faith and walk on the path of righteousness.

1 Corinthians 16 Bible Study


1 Corinthians 16 Outline


– Collections of the donations for the church of Jerusalem (1 Corinthians 16:1-4)

– Paul plan to make a passing visit at Corinth (1 Corinthians 16:5-9)

– Paul requested the Corinthians to respect Timothy and welcome him into their church (1 Corinthians 16:10-11)

– Paul said Apollos may come to visit the Corinthian church (1 Corinthians 16:12)

– Watch, stand fast in the faith, be brave, be strong and do all things with love (1 Corinthians 16:13-14)

– Paul is sending back the letter to the Corinthian church through Stephanas, Fortunatus and Achaicus (1 Corinthians 16:15-18)

– Paul sent his final greeting (1 Corinthians 16:19-24)



1 Corinthians 16 Bible Study


In 1 Corinthians 16:1-4, Paul reminded the Corinthians to set aside the money they want to donate to the church in Jerusalem so that he don’t have to make any collection. Christians should be kind and generous to the needy. If you see someone in urgent need, you should do your best to help him. Ignoring about the situation of someone’s needy is a self centered attitude and it is a sin. The church should only help those who are truly needy. Those who can get supports from other people should not seek support from the church. Anyone who receive support from the church should make some contribution by serving God in certain way. The church should provide the basic necessities to the needy (Matthew 7:12).


In 1 Corinthians 16:5-9, Paul want to come to them after passing through Macedonia. Paul hoped to stay with the Corinthian church during winter so that they provide them with all the supplies he need for the journey. For now, Paul just want to make a passing visit but he would spend more time with them if God permits. Paul want to stay at Ephesus until Pentecost because an opportunity for doing missionary work in Ephesus has been opened and many people had opposed him.


In 1 Corinthians 16:10-11, Paul requested the Corinthians to welcome Timothy and treat him properly. Paul made this request because he is having problem with the Corinthians not respecting his authority as an apostle. In Hebrews 13:17, obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your souls, as they that must give account, that they may do it with joy, and not with grief: for that is unprofitable for you.


In 1 Corinthians 16:12, Paul strongly encouraged Appollos to go to the Corinthians because he is not willing to go now but he should go when there is opportunity.


In 1 Corinthians 16:13, Paul urged the Corinthians to keep watch, stand firm in faith, be brave, be strong and do all things in love. We must always keep watch and not leave any opportunity to Satan so he cannot get hold of us. We must always stand firm in faith by trusting and depending on God persistently in all kinds of difficulties we face in our lives. We must be brave and strong to face every difficult situation with faith. Whatever we do must come from a pure motive of love. If it is not done out of a pure motive of love, it will be no profit. In 1 Peter 5:8, be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour.


In 1 Corinthians 16:15-18, Stephanas, Fortunatus and Achaicus are the three men who brought the concerns of the Corinthians to Paul. Now, Paul is sending back his reply letter to the Corinthians through these 3 men. Stephanas was the household head while Fortunatus and Achaicus were two household slaves. The 3 men cared for Paul’s needs by providing everything he needed and they refreshed his spirit, of which the Corinthian Christians did not supplied. Stephanas, Fortunatus and Achaicus are the first fruits because they were the first converts and Paul baptized them.


In 1 Corinthians 16:19-24, Paul send his greetings along with the greetings of Aquila, Priscilla, and the church that meet at their house. Paul handwritten the greeting himself. Paul warned that anyone who does not love God will be cursed. Finally, the letter ends with the grace of God and Paul’s love to the Corinthian church.

1 Corinthians 15 Bible Study


1 Corinthians 15 Outline


– Jesus Christ is the first fruits of our resurrections (1 Corinthians 15:1-11)

– The dead will be resurrected on the second coming of Jesus (1 Corinthians 15:12-34)

-The glorified resurrection bodies raised on the second coming of Jesus (1 Corinthians 15:35-58)



1 Corinthians 15 Bible Study


In 1 Corinthians 15:1-2, Paul want to remind the Corinthians that it is by receiving and believing and standing in the gospel that they are saved. If they did not hold on to the gospel and do what God’s commandments say, they would have believe in vain.


In 1 Corinthians 15:3-8, Jesus Christ died for our sins. After he died on the cross for our sins, he was buried in a tomb and was raised to life on the third day. Later, he appeared to Peter and other members of the 12 disciples. Before Jesus Christ ascended into heaven, he appeared to more than 500 brothers. Then, Jesus Christ appeared to James, all the apostles and finally to Paul.


In 1 Corinthians 15:9-11, Paul is humble to say that he is the least of the apostle. He felt that he is the least of the apostle because he used to persecute Christians until they were sentenced to death. Paul credited his apostleship to the grace of God. We must always be humble and give God all the credits for our success (1 Peter 5:6; James 4:6).


In 1 Corinthians 15:12-28, Jesus Christ is the first to be resurrected from the dead. If Jesus Christ did not resurrect from the dead, the dead will not resurrected as well. The resurrection of the dead will occur on the day Jesus Christ come back to the earth for second time to rapture his faithful believers. The dead will be resurrected first before the faithful who are still alive will be raptured. Now, God has granted all authorities to the men, the devil and death temporarily. After Jesus had defeated the Antichrist in the Armageddon, Jesus Christ will be the ruler of the earth. All things will be put under the feet of Jesus Christ.


In 1 Corinthians 15:29-32, Paul reasoned that if there is no resurrection, people would not get baptized for them. Paul said he die everyday for God; he risked his life to spread the gospel to others and do missionary work. Jesus said whoever that wants to be his disciple must deny himself (Luke 9:23-24; Luke 14:26).


In 1 Corinthians 15:33-34, the Corinthians thought there is no resurrection of the dead because of their association with people who don’t believe in it. Therefore, Paul said evil company corrupts good habits. Mingling with bad people will cause you to imitate their lifestyle so that you become corrupted like them eventually.


In 1 Corinthians 15:35-58, our body is like a temporary shell. Each of us has a spirit. At Jesus’ second coming, God will raised the dead bodies of the faithful believers so that the spirits of the faithful will be able to live in their glorified bodies in life after death in heaven. When the last trumpet is sounded, the faithful believers who are still alive will be raptured along with their bodies, so fast like the twinkling of an eye and then we will live in heaven eternally with Jesus Christ (1 Thessalonians 4:15-17). The wage of sin is death (Romans 6:23). The law reveals our sins to us and this motivate people to sin because of their rebellious nature. But God has given us victory through Jesus Christ. Through Jesus Christ, we can overcome all kinds of weaknesses and sicknesses (Philippians 4:13; Romans 8:37).



1 Corinthians 14 Bible Study


1 Corinthians 14 Outline


– Praying in tongue and with words (1 Corinthians 14:1-25)

– Anyone with a message from God should speak up at the church (1 Corinthians 14:26-40)



1 Corinthians 14 Bible Study


In 1 Corinthians 14:1-25, Paul encouraged the Corinthians to use their spiritual gifts to minister to people with love. Speaking in tongue, also known as tongue language, is a gift of the Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians 12:10). When you speak in tongue, no one will understand you except God. The tongue language is a heavenly language that only God can understand. When you speak in tongue, the Holy Spirit help you to intercede to God about the groans that cannot be expressed with words (Romans 8:26). You are edifying yourself when you speak in tongue. Paul said he would rather them prophesy than to speak in tongue because prophesying will edify the church and speaking in tongue will only edify yourself. No one will understand what you say when you speak in tongue so the church cannot be edified. Unless someone interpret the tongue language, the church cannot be edified.


Therefore, anyone who is speaking in tongue should ask God to give him the gift of the interpretation of tongues so that the church can understand what he says and be edified. We should pray in the tongue language as well as using words to pray. Speaking in tongue language serves as a testimony to the unbelievers but prophesying is for the believers. Only the believers will take heed of the prophesies because they believe in God so they will believe what the prophesies say will happen.


In 1 Corinthians 14:26-33, when in a congregation, if anyone has a message from God, hymn, word of instruction, or interpretation inspired by the Holy Spirit, he should speak up to the whole church so that the people can be edified. If anyone is speaking in tongue, two or three should speak in tongue, one at a time and someone should interpret. If there is no one to interpret, the speaker should be quiet and speak the tongue language to God himself. If someone has a message from God, the first speaker should stop speaking in tongue so that other people can hear what the person want to say.


In 1 Corinthians 14:34-40, women should not have the right to make judgment on prophesy. If they want to ask something, they should ask their husbands at home. Anyone who think he is a prophet or spiritual should not argue with Paul concerning these matters. When at the church, it is good to prophesy so that the church can be edified but we should also pray in tongues.


1 Corinthians 13 Bible Study


1 Corinthians 13 Outline


– Everything must be done with a pure motive (1 Corinthians 13:1-3)

– Love is kind (1 Corinthians 13:4-7)

– Using your spiritual gifts to minister with love (1 Corinthians 13:8-12)

– Love is the greatest when compared to faith and hope (1 Corinthians 13:13)



1 Corinthians 13 Bible Study


In 1 Corinthians 13:1-3, here, Paul points out that everything you do must come from a pure motive of live. As a Christian, you must always keep your conscience pure and has really good intention. If you don’t do it with love, it would be no profit to you. God searches the heart of all men and he knows all our thoughts and feelings. God will judge each of us based on our thoughts, feelings, words and actions on the judgment day (Ecclesiastes 12:14; 1 Corinthians 4:5).


In 1 Corinthians 13:4-7, if you really love, you will be patient, not envy, not boast, not proud, not rude, not self-seeking, not easily angered, keeps no record of wrongs, does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth, always protects, always trusts, always hopes, and always perseveres.


In 1 Corinthians 13:8-12, we must use our spiritual gifts to minister to people with love. When perfection comes, which is the day we died and become redeemed as the children of God, we will become perfect. Now, we are like children because children don’t know and understand much. Children are naïve and they have little knowledge. When you are grown into an adult, you will no longer be naïve because you know and understand more. Now, we still can’t see anything, except to persevere in our hope in Jesus Christ. But once we have finished this race of life, we will truly see our real status as the children of God in heaven.


In 1 Corinthians 13:13, love is the greatest compare to faith and hope. The basic principle of God’s commandments is to love God with all you heart, soul and mind and to love others as much as you love your ownself (Matthew 22:34-40).

1 Corinthians 12 Bible Study


1 Corinthians 12 Outline


– The Holy Spirit bestows different spiritual gifts on different people (1 Corinthians 12:1-11)

– Different parts in the body of Christ (1 Corinthians 12:12-30)


1 Corinthians 12 Bible Study


In 1 Corinthians 12:1-3, the Corinthians used to be gentiles before coming to the faith in Jesus Christ. Without the Holy Spirit, no one will be able to understand the spiritual matters. We can understand the spiritual matters because we have the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit gives us wisdom to understand the word of God. A person with the Holy Spirit will never say Jesus be cursed. No one without the Holy Spirit will say Jesus is Lord.


In 1 Corinthians 12:4-11, the Holy Spirit bestow spiritual gift on each of the follower. Not all followers have the same spiritual gifts. The Holy Spirit give different spiritual gifts to different people that the church could function effectively. There are many different kinds of spiritual gifts including the word of wisdom, the word of knowledge, faith by the same Spirit, gifts of healing, the working of miracles; to another prophecy, discerning of spirits, divers kinds of tongues, and interpretation of tongues. Please refer to Bible Study Outline on Spiritual Gifts for explanation on each of the spiritual gifts.


In 1 Corinthians 12:12-31, we are the body of Christ. Each of us represents a part of the body of Christ. The body of Christ is the church. Every follower has the Holy Spirit. There must be different people doing different jobs for the church. If everyone is doing the same job, the church would not be able to operate because an effective church must have different people doing different jobs. God give everyone different gifts to build up the church and edify others. If an organ in the body fail to function, the whole body will fail to function properly. It is the same thing with the church. If one part of the church is not doing its job properly, the church will not be able to function properly. There are many different workers in the church including apostles, prophets, teachers, miracle workers, people with gifts of healing, people with leadership ability and people that can speak in the tongue language. Each of the follower will have at least one spiritual gift. Some followers have several spiritual gifts.

1 Corinthians 11 Bible Study


1 Corinthians 11 Outline


– Every Christian should imitate Christ and be an example to others (1 Corinthians 11:1)

– Women should be under men in church leadership (1 Corinthians 11:2-16)

– Sharing at the church meal and the communion (1 Corinthians 11:17-34)


1 Corinthians 11 Bible Study


In 1 Corinthians 11:1, Paul tell the Corinthians to follow his example because he follow the example of Jesus Christ. After you have accepted Jesus Christ, you have the Holy Spirit and the Holy Spirit will transform you into more and more the image of Christ if you completely surrender to him. Each of us should demonstrate changes in the behaviors after becoming a believe to show that we have really surrender ourselves to God and become a real disciple (1 Timothy 4:12).


In 1 Corinthians 11:2-16, Paul points out that the head of man is Christ, the head of woman is man and the head of Christ is God. It is customary for men raised in a Jewish environment to pray with their head covered so Paul is encouraging that the women pray with their head covered as well. Covering your head shows humility. Therefore, if men cover their heads when praying, women should also cover their head when praying as a sign of humility to show that men has authority over them. The hair is a natural covering. It is not a sin for men to have long hair. Long hair gives women glory. If a woman’s hair is shaved off completely, it is a disgrace to her. What Paul is trying to point out is that women should be under men in regarding to church leadership. Women should behave like women, having long hair and wear clothes that make them look like women. Men should behave like men, and not wear clothes that fit women (Deuteronomy 22:5).


In 1 Corinthians 11:17-34, Paul compared the church meal with the Lord’s supper. Paul rebuked the Corinthians for not sharing the church meal but that each only care for himself and selfishly eat the food without waiting for others. When coming to eating a share meal at the church, we must not be greedy and take all the food but always think of others. We must love one another others like how we love our own selves (Matthew 22:34-40). We must do to others what we want others to do to us (Luke 6:31).


Every Christian follower must partake in the communion. Partaking the communion shows that you are acknowledge what Jesus Christ had done for you on the cross. The bread represents the body of Christ which is broken for us. The wine represents the blood of Christ, which is poured out for the cleansing of our sins so that we can be reconciled to God (Matthew 26:28). When eating the communion, one ought to examine himself to see if he or she has offended God in any areas and then apologize to God. If you eat the communion without examining yourself and praying, you are bringing condemnation upon yourself. Paul reasoned that this is why many of the Corinthians were weak, sick and died.

1 Corinthians 10 Bible Study


1 Corinthians 10 Outline


– Warnings about Israel’s history (1 Corinthians 10:1-13)

– Don’t be participants with demons (1 Corinthians 10:14-22)

– Whatever you do must give glory to God (1 Corinthians 10:23-33)



1 Corinthians 10 Bible Study


In 1 Corinthians 10:1-5, Paul reminded the Corinthians how God took care of the Israelites by providing food and water in the wilderness. Paul compared the rock that provided water for the Israelites to Jesus Christ, who promised to provide us with all that we need as long as we trust and depend on him in times of troubles. Although the Israelites received miraculous providence from God in the wilderness, they still perish because of their disobedience to God. Therefore, Paul is warning the Corinthians to keep watch so that they will not sin and turn away from God through their disobedience.


In 1 Corinthians 10:6-10, the disobedience of the Israelites and their consequences set an example for the future generation to avoid sining against God. Many Israelites worshiped idols and commit sexual immorality (Colossians 3:5), like the neighboring nations, so God punished and destroyed them. The Israelites grumbled about having no bread and water in the desert and that they detest the manna so God sent a venomous snake to bite and poison them. But they repented and asked Moses to intercede for them. Later, Moses made a bronze snake and put it on a pole so that anyone who look at it was healed (Numbers 21:4-9). We must always trust God and not put him into test (Luke 4:12).


In 1 Corinthians 10:11-13, God’s punishment on the Israelites were recorded in Israel’s history as a warning for the Christians to stand firm in Christ and don’t give in to temptation so that we won’t face the same consequences. Even if you face a temptation, God will always provide a way for you to escape so that you will be able to stand up under it.


In 1 Corinthians 10:14-22, Paul advised the Corinthians to avoid eating food offered to idols at the temple even though they are strong Christians. Not that food offered to idols is anything but it is because eating food offered to idols is a participation with the demons. Doing so will arouse God’s jealousy. We are God’s people so we must keep ourselves holy and not associate with any kind of evil.


In 1 Corinthians 10:23-33, the Corinthian Christians hold on very tight to their rights and believe they are knowledgeable. All things are lawful but not all things are helpful. Just because God’s law permit you to do something, doesn’t mean it is beneficial? You must ask yourself whether doing it will bring good to you and the people around. The basic principle of God’s commandments is to love others as much as you love yourself so you must make sure that everything you do is an action of love. You can eat whatever food you buy from the market or at somewhere else without raising any question. But if someone tell you the food is offered to the idol, you should not eat it because a brother or sister in Christ may stumble and fall if he see you doing it. Any food that has been offered thanksgiving can be eaten because God created food for us. Whatever you do must be with a purpose of giving glory to God. You must not be self centered but also think of others, in whatever things you do so that you will be able to give glory to God.