Esther 10 Bible Study



Esther 10 Outline


– The great deeds of Mordecai and King Ahasuerus



Esther 10 Summary


King Ahasuerus obliged everyone in his kingdom to pay taxes. Mordecai was the next highest official in the Mede-Persia kingdom. The great things that King Ahasuerus did were written in the book of the chronicles. Mordecai was a popular leader among the Jews because he always helped them; and spoke to the king on behalf of them.

Esther 9 Bible Study


Esther 9 Outline 


– The Jews Come Together to Defend Themselves and Kill the Enemies (Esther 9:1-19)

– The Purim Festival (Esther 9:20-23)

– Reason for Celebrating the Purim Festival (Esther 9:24-32)



Esther 9 Summary


On the 13th day of Adar, the Jews gathered together to fight their enemies. In the walled city of Shushan, about 500 people were killed by the Jews. The 10 sons of Haman were also killed during the battler. Then, Esther pleaded King Ahasuerus to let the Jews continued to protect themselves on the 14th of Adar.


Esther also asked the king to hang the body of Haman’s ten sons in the city of Shushan. Another 300 people were killed on the 14th of Adar. About 75,000 enemies were killed by the Jews in the provinces on the 13th of Adar. The Jews did not take anything that belonged to the enemies although King Ahasuerus’ decree allowed them to do so.

On the fourteenth day of Adar, the Jews rested and celebrated their victory with a feast. The Jews celebrated the festival by sending gifts and foods to one another. The Jews in the city of Shushan rested and celebrated the feast on the 15th of Adar. Everything that had happened was recorded down in a book by Mordecai.



Esther 9 Bible Study


1. Be Caring and Generous to People


Mordecai wrote letters to the Jews to instruct them to hold celebration on the 14th and 15th day of Adar in remembrance of how their sorrow was turned to joy. Mordecai instructed the Jews to celebrate the festival by giving food to people. Queen Esther also wrote a letter and instructed the Jews to celebrate the festival for two days including the 14th and 15th day of Adar. She also gave them instruction about fasting and mourning. The festival that the Jews celebrated on the 14th and 15th of Adar is called the Purim Festival. The Purim Festival encourage the Jews to be generous by giving food to each other. When the Jews unite together, they are able to defeat the enemies and gain victory.


2. Giving Thanks to God for Our Blessings


It is important that we give thanks and praise for what God had done for us. The Jews give thanks to God by celebrating the Purim Festival. We should not just thank God when he did a special miracle in our life. In fact, we should give thanks to God every day. Our lives should be a testimony for God. The way you behave will show whether you know God.

Esther 8 Bible Study



Esther 8 Outline


– The King gave Haman’s properties to Esther (Esther 8:1-2)

– The King gave Esther the permission to change the law Haman made (Esther 8:3-13)

– The Jews rejoiced about the new law (Esther 8:14-17)


Esther 8 Summary


King Ahasuerus gave Esther everything that belonged to Haman. Esther revealed to the king about her relationship to Mordecai, that she was her cousin. When the king learned about this, he promoted Mordecai to the highest official in the kingdom. He also gave the ring that Haman wore to Mordecai. Esther remembered about her people and she went to beg the king to do something about it. In response to Esther’s petition, the king gave Esther the authority to write a new law to save her people. King Ahasuerus let Esther used his ring to validate the law.


On the 23rd of Sivan (the third month), the king secretaries wrote a new law that allow the Jewish people to defend themselves by fighting back the enemies on the 13th of Adar (the twelfth month). Mordecai wore blue and white robes, a large gold crown and a line cape made of purple cloth. The messengers rode the fastest horses and delivered the letters to different provinces in the kingdom. When the Jews learned about the news, they were celebrated it with joy.



Esther 8 Bible Study


1. Sin Brings Bad Consequences


Haman’s decree was in effect even though he already died. Just like Haman, our sins can continue to affect other people. It is better to not sin because sin can cause negative consequences. You may have already repented from the sin but other people who are influenced by you previously may continue to sin. For example, your child may learn your bad habit. In this case, you should keep on giving godly advice to your child so that he can be persuaded to change the bad habit.


2. Taking the Initiatives to Help Others in Need


Esther loved her people so much that she dared to risk her life to speak up to the king. Esther was brave enough to speak what she needs to speak. When we see the people around us in trouble, we should take the initiative to help them. When we see a brother or sister doing something wrong, we should speak up and tell them about their fault. In this way, they can learn from their lesson and stop repeating the mistake. Many Christians often show sympathy towards people who are in need of help but they never really take actions to help them. We should strive to do our best to help the people around us. We should grab every opportunity to spread the gospel to disbelievers so that they can come to know Jesus as well.


3. Being Sure of Your Salvation


Many non-Jews that lived in the Media Persia kingdom were converted to Judaism because they were afraid of what the Jews might do to them. There are many people who become Christians because they want to get blessings from God. Some people become Christians because their parents or spouses are Christians. We must be sure of our salvation. We must really understand the meaning of Jesus’ death on the cross for our sins.

Esther 7 Bible Study



Esther 7 Outline


– Esther told the king about Haman’s evil plan (Esther 7:1-7)

– The King had Haman hanged on his own gallows (Esther 7:8-10)



Esther 7 Summary


The king and Haman came to the banquet that Esther prepared again. When King Ahasuerus asked Esther what is bothering her, she told him that his people were sold to be destroyed. The king was surprised to learn about it and he asked who the one behind all this is. Esther replied that it was Haman who was behind the plot. When the king heard that it was Haman, he was so furious that he went into the palace garden. Haman was so worried that he knelt down to beg the queen.


When the king came back and saw that Haman was lying over the queen, he was even more furious. The king thought Haman wanted to rape his queen so he was furious. As soon as the king said this, the men came to cover Haman’s face with a cloth. Harbonah, one of the king’s wise men, revealed that Haman had built a 50 cubit high gallows in front of his house to hang Mordecai but Mordecai had saved him from Bigthana and Teresh. After that, the king commanded Haman to be hanged on his own gallows. After Haman was hanged on the gallows, the king finally relent his anger.



Esther 7 Bible Study


1. Showing respect when asking people to do you a favor


Esther had done all the necessary preparation for the king to be receptive to her request. On the second dinner invitation, Esther decided to reveal to the king to save her people. It is important that we show respect to people in higher positions when we want to request them to do some favors.


2. Speaking up to do God’s work


Esther had a lot of courage to speak up to the king in order to protect her people from getting killed. She was courageous in speaking up for a good cause. There are times when we need to speak up and act to accomplish God’s work. We can pray for God’s help but we cannot eliminate our responsibility to act accordingly. When God wants to use you to do his work, you must do your best to achieve the desired outcome.


3. Not shutting your eyes to other people’s sins


Esther’s story teaches us that we have the responsibility to discipline the sinners in the church community. Some people prefer to shut their eyes when they see sinners perverting other Christians in the church. We must point out the wrongdoings of the sinners so that it cannot affect the church’s unity.


4. Putting your trust in God


In the end, Haman’s fate was reversed. Everything happened in the opposite just as he planned. Instead of Mordecai, he was hanged on the gallows. Although it seems that God did not perform any miracle to save the Jews, the Jews were saved from their enemies via natural ways. Originally, Haman had all the advantages while Esther and Mordecai had no advantage at all. Yet, by putting their trust in God, Esther and Mordecai is able to overturn the fates of their own people. The justice of God will always prevail in the end. Righteous people will be rewarded while the evil men will be punished for their deeds.

Esther 6 Bible Study



Esther 6 Outline


– The king decided to honor Mordecai (Esther 6:1-10)

– Mordecai led around the city on the king’s horse (Esther 11:11-14)



Esther 6 Summary


At night, King Ahasuerus couldn’t sleep so he asked his servant to read the book of chronicles to him. When the servant read about how Mordecai saved the king from Bigthana and Teresh, King Ahasuerus asked what was done to reward Mordecai. The servant replied that nothing had been done to reward Mordecai.


About this time, Haman came to tell the king to hang Mordecai on the gallows he had built in front of his house. The king asked Haman to come in. He asked Haman what should be done to honor a person. Haman thought that the king wanted to honor him so he suggested the person to be mounted on one of the horses with fancy headdress.


After that, a high official is to put the robe on the horse and lead him throughout the city, proclaiming ‘Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delighteth to honor.’ (KJV Esther 6:9) The king was pleased with the suggestion and he asked Haman to get Mordecai on his horse and take him around the city. Haman did as the king told him. After leading Mordecai through the city, he cover his head in shame and went back home.


When he returned home, he told his wife and friends about all that had happened. His wife said that he will end up a ruined man if Mordecai is a Jewish man. While they were in the midst of the conversation, some servants came to pick up Haman to the feast.



Esther 6 Bible Study


1. God will eventually punish the Wicked


Esther 6 teaches that what comes around goes around. God will punish the wicked for the evil plans they conceived in their mind. Haman thought he can outsmart Mordecai by building the gallows and asking the king to hang him on it. Instead, the whole plan happens exactly in the opposite as he wanted it to happen. Just as Haman was about to ask the king to hang Mordecai, the king remembered Mordecai and wanted to honor him. Mordecai did what was right before God so God honor him. Christians should not seek for physical reward for the charities they had done in this earth. If you are a faithful Christian, you will surely receive your reward and praises from Christ at the end time.


2. Regularly checking yourself for bad qualities


We should check ourselves all the time to see if we have any bad quality that displeases God. Examples of bad qualities that may exist in us include pride, arrogance, hatred, jealousy, and etc. When you discover a bad character trait in yourself, you should immediately get rid of it. In addition, you must pray to God and ask him for forgiveness. If you find it difficult to get rid of the bad character trait, you can ask for God’s help. In this way, you will become more like Jesus.

Esther 5 Bible Study


Esther 5 Outline


– Esther went to see the king (Esther 5:1- 3)

– Esther asked the king and Haman to go to a dinner (Esther 5:4-6)

– Esther asked the king and Haman to come to a second dinner (Esther 5:7-8)

– Haman boasted to his wife (Esther 5:9-13)

– Haman listened to his wife and friends’ suggestion to build a gallows to hang Mordecai (Esther 5:14)



Esther 5 Summary


Esther put on her royal apparel and went into the king’s house. The king held out the scepter and she went in to the king’s house. It appeared that King Ahasuerus was very happy to see Esther. He asked her why she had come. He even promised to give Esther up to half of his kingdom. Esther requested the king to come to a dinner which she had prepared along with Haman. While at the wine banquet, the king asked Esther what she really wants. Esther deterred the king by asking him to come to another banquet which she had prepared tomorrow along with Haman.


Haman was joyful after he left the dinner. When he saw that Mordecai did not bow down to him at the palace gate, he was angry but did not say a word. When he reached home, he boasted to his wife and friends about his riches and the number of children he has. He boasted how the king promoted him to the highest official in the kingdom. He also told them about the dinner which Queen Esther had invited him and the king to. He told them that he was invited to another banquet that Queen Esther prepares tomorrow. Then, his wife, Zeresh suggested building a gallows that is 50 cubits high to hang Mordecai. The suggestion pleased Haman and he had it built in front of his house.



Esther 5 Bible Study


1. God brings down the proud and exalt the humble


Haman was full of pride because he was assigned a high position by the king. Pride is no good because it causes us to do foolish things. When you have pride, you will feel angry at people who oppose your ideas. Jesus preached that pride is evil and it defiles a man (Mark 7:21). Pride is listed as a serious sin along with other types of sins such as murders, and stealing. Matthew 23: 12 and says that God will exalt those who are humbled and bring low the ones that are full of pride.


2. Good pride and bad pride


1 Corinthians 13:4 says that love is patient and kind. Love does not envy, boast, or proud. Pride is not of love. There are different types of prides. Having pride for people who are in God’s will is not a sin. However, if you have pride and tend to boast, it is a sin and not spiritual. If you humble yourself, God will surely exalt you. Pride is an obstacle in the relationship between you and God. If you want to have a good relationship with God, you must get rid of the pride in your heart and humble yourself. (Proverbs 21:4; 24, Romans 12:16, 2 Timothy 3:1-5)

Esther 4 Bible Study



Esther 4 Outline


– Mordecai is sad when he heard about Haman’s evil plan to kill the Jews (Esther 4:1-4)

– Esther sent her servant to Mordecai (Esther 4:5-8)

– Esther refuse to beg the king for the Jew (Esther 4:9-11)

– Esther finally agreed to see the king (Esther 4:12-17)

Esther 4 Summary


When Mordecai learned about the letter, he tore his clothes and put ashes on his head. After that, he went around the city and cry. In every province, when the letter was read aloud, the Jews cried. However, Mordecai can only go as far as the palace gate because anyone wearing sackcloth is not allowed inside. When Esther’s servants saw this, they told Esther about it. Esther sent some clothes for Mordecai but he refused to wear them. Esther had a servant called Hatach. Esther called in Hatach and instructed him to ask Mordecai why he is acting this way. Mordecai told Hatach that Haman had promised to give the king a sum of money to kill the Jews. He gave a copy of the copy of the letter to Hatach so that he can show it to Esther.


Esther replied that she cannot enter into the king presence if he doesn’t hold out the golden scepter. She reminded Mordecai that the king had not called her into his presence for 30 days. Mordecai rebuked Esther by saying that if she doesn’t help them; they will somehow find a way to escape; whereas she and her family could be in danger. Mordecai warned Esther that it could be a time like this that she was made queen. Esther finally agreed to help Mordecai. She asked Mordecai and all the Jews in Shushan to fast with her for 3 days and nights. After 3 days and nights, she will venture into the presence of the king even if she has to die.



Esther 4 Bible Study


1. Being courageous and speaking out the truth


Esther was courageous in going to the king and speaking what up for what is right even when the king did not invited her. Sometimes, we are also faced in a situation where we have to speak up, even if the outcome is not going to be favorable. When we stand up to speak the truth, we can be assured that God will take care of the outcome.


2. God is in control of all incidents


The special thing about the book of Esther is that there is not a single mentioning of God. It did not make mention of anyone seeking God’s help. In truth, God was helping them secretly in the background. As in the story of Esther, God’s presence is not always visible. If you don’t see God’s help in your situation, you should not fret that God is not helping you. God can works in many wonderful ways to deliver you from your circumstances. When you put your trust in God, God will turnaround your circumstance. The turnaround of your situation does not occur because of a mere coincidence.

Esther 3 Bible Study



Esther 3 Outline


– Mordecai refused to bow down to Haman (Esther 3:1-6)

– Haman obtained permission from the king to kill the Jewish people (Esther3:7-15)



Esther 3 Summary


King Ahasuerus promoted Haman, the Agagite to the highest officials in the palace. The king commanded everyone in the kingdom to bow down to Haman. Everyone except Mordecai bowed down to Haman. The palace officials tried to persuade Mordecai to bow down to him. Mordecai refused to bow down to Haman because of his Jewish religion. When Haman learned about this, he was furious and wanted to kill Mordecai. Later, Haman found out that Mordecai is a Jew. When he learned that Mordecai is a Jew, he sought to destroy the whole Jewish community in the kingdom.


During the 12th year of King Ahasuerus reign, in the month of Nisan (the first month), Haman suggested to King Ahasuerus about a group of reckless people who refused to keep the king’s laws. He persuaded King Ahasuerus to write a law and destroy this group of people. After that, he will credit 10,000 talents of silver to the king’s treasury. The king gave him his ring so that he can use it to seal the letter. Haman had the secretaries write letter that all Jews should be attacked and killed on the 13th of Adar (the twelfth month). A copy of the letter was read aloud in the wall city of Shushan. King Ahasuerus and Haman sat down to drink wine but the people were confused and don’t know what has happened.



Esther 3 Bible Study


1. Haman has lots of bad pride in his heart

The incidents recorded in the book of Esther happened around 483 B.C. At that time, the Jews were already allowed to return to their homeland to repair and rebuild the city of Jerusalem. Zerubabbel was responsible for leading the Jews in their return journey to the homeland. Some Jews chose to stay in Babylon and not moved back to their homeland after settling there for years. The book of Esther was referencing to these Jews, whom Haman had plotted to persecute and kill on the 13th of Adar (the twelfth month).

In those days, it is normal for people to bow down to kings and high officials. Haman was too much in wanting to kill the whole population of the Jews because he assumed that they won’t bow down to him as well. Haman actually wants everyone to respect and worship him like God. Mordecai was a righteous and faithful man. He was faithful to his belief and refused to bow down before Haman even if it means he has to die.


2. Never blindly obey commands that deny your Christian faith


Like Mordecai, we should not blindly obey the commands of the governments and other institutions if it clashes with our Christian faith. Nowadays, there are a lot of Christians receiving negative influences from the pagans. We must take caution not to bow down and worship anyone else except God. No matter what, we must not sacrifice our faith because of fear of physical oppression. We may pay respect to the government which is in authority but we must only worship God.

Esther 2 Bible Study


Esther 2 Outline


– Esther became Queen (Esther 2:1’“18)

– Mordecai saved King Ahasuerus from assassination (Esther 2:19-23)


Esther 2 Summary


After some time, King Ahasuerus don’t feel angry about the matter anymore. However, he kept on thinking about what Queen Vashti had done to him and the law that was written because of her. The personal servants suggested to the king to bring all the young women to the palace in Shushan. Hegai will be in charge of taking care of the young women. The woman that pleases the king most will become the queen. Therefore, the king’s men brought all the young women from the different provinces to the palace.


A young woman, called Esther was brought into the palace as well. Esther also had a Hebrew name called Hadassah. Esther was raised by her uncle, Mordecai since her parents died when she was at a young age. For the first 6 months, the young women skins were treated with myrrh. For the last 6 months, the young women will be treated with cosmetics and perfumes. The young women were allowed to wear any clothing or jewelry from the house of the women when she goes to the king’s house. Esther was the favorite of Hegai. Hegai gave Esther lots of food and maids. The maids of Esther had the best rooms in the palace. Everyone in the palace liked Esther. Esther pleased the king most. The king immediately fell in love with her and crowned her as queen.


After that, the king gave a large feast to celebrate the crowning of Esther as queen. By that time, Mordecai was already a palace official. Esther did not tell anyone that she is a Jew because Mordecai instructed her to do so. It happened that the two officials, Bigthana and Teresh, responsible for watching the king’s rooms plotted to assassinate the king. Mordecai learned about this and he told Esther to report it to the king. When the king found out that the report was true, he had Bigthana and Teresh hanged. Then, he had the event recorded in the book of the chronicles.


Esther was instructed by her cousin and step parent, Mordecai, to never reveal her Jewish identity since childhood. To hide her identity, she probably have to act the way like the pagan people around her. Despite that, after Esther had grown up, she was still able to keep her faith in God.



Esther 2 Bible Study


1. Be brave to speak about your Christian faith


We may feel challenged to talk about our Christian faith at certain times. Despite that, we should not be shy to speak about our faith. As Christian, we should grab every opportunity to speak about the gospel to people. Paul says that he was not ashamed of the gospel (Romans 1: 16). He also said that he was a debtor to the Greeks and barbarians (Romans 1: 14). Every Christian has the responsibility to speak about the gospel to everyone they know.


2. It is wrong to change the gospel when preaching to non Christians


Many people around us do not believe in the gospel and consider it to be foolish. To prevent people from getting offended, many Christians changed the gospel slightly so that they ended up preaching a different message. Changing the gospel and preaching it in the way that looks good to the disbelievers is wrong because it will render it worthless. To remove the offensiveness of the gospel is to pervert the gospel. To make it understandable to a disbeliever, we should pray to God to open their hearts and spiritual eyes so that they can believe. (1 Corinthians 1:12)

Esther 1 Bible Study



Esther 1 Outline 


– Queen Vashti refused to see the king

– The high officials suggested divorcing Queen Vashti



Esther 1 Summary


King Ahasuerus ruled 127 provinces from India to Ethiopia. When Ahasuerus was reigning in the third year, he gave a big feast for the men. The feast lasted for 180 days. When the king was holding a feast for the men, Queen Vashti was giving another feast for the women inside the palace. King Ahasuerus was very merry after drinking so much wine. On the 7th day, King Ahasuerus asked his 7 personal servants to bring Queen Vashti to him with her wearing the crown so that he can show off her beauty. Queen Vashti refused to wear her crown and come to King Ahasuerus. This made King Ahasuerus very angry. He called in his 7 highest officials to give him advice on what to do.


One of the 7 highest officials called Memucan suggested to the king to divorce Queen Vashti. Memucan said that Queen Vashti’s action will cause every woman in the kingdom to not respect their husbands. He suggested the king to write a law for the Medes and Persians so that Queen Vashti won’t be able to see him again. Instead, another woman should be chosen to replace her place as queen.



Esther 1 Bible Study


1. Ahasuerus’ advisors did not judge Queen Vashti based on biblical standards

Ahasuerus’ advisors did not follow the Biblical standards when dealing with the situation. Instead, the suggestion was made based on the principles of their culture. Queen Vashti was probably asked to expose herself sexually in front of a large crowd so she refused to go to the king. In the Persian culture, men have higher authorities than women. The refusal of Queen Vashti to obey her husband’s command was deemed as a bad role model for the women in the kingdom. They believed that other women will follow Queen Vashti’s example and refused to obey their husbands.


2. Wives should respect the headship of husbands in the household

The Bible teaches that wives must be submissive towards their husbands. It doesn’t mean that wives have to submit to husbands in all things. If the husband is right, the wife should submit and listen to him. If the husband is doing something wrong, the wife doesn’t have to submit to him. For example, it is wrong for a wife to submit to the abuse of his violent husband. The headship of a husband doesn’t mean that he has dominating control over his wife. Instead, it is more like leadership over your marriage partner based on love. The leadership of a husband is necessary in order to maintain a successful and orderly family life.


3. Women only have to submit to her husband, not other men

A woman only has to submit to her husband. She doesn’t need to submit in the same way to other men. Many women misunderstand that submission means they have to be prejudiced and discriminated by men. The Bible never says that women should be treated with prejudices and inequality in comparison to men. Nowadays, many women like to rule over their husbands at home so that they feel like they have no power at all. Wives should respect the husband’s authority as head at home and not rule over them.


4. Husbands should respect and love their wives

Even if your wife does not respect you, you should still love her as Jesus Christ loves the church (Ephesians 5:25 KJV). Christ loves the church that he sacrificed his own life on the Calvary for her. The sacrificial love of Christ is just the same as a husband’s love for his wife. Husband must love his wife and respect her as a person.  Both husband and wife must submit to each other in God’s fear (Ephesians 5:21 KJV). The wife cannot sabotage the husband’s leadership but she can strengthen her husband. Women must come to accept the unique function of being a woman so that they will stop trying to control and dominate over their husbands.